Planning & Zoning


Appomattox County is a member of a joint Planning Commission in conjunction with the Town of Pamplin.  Per the Code of Virginia “Every locality shall by resolution or ordinance create a local planning commission in order to promote the orderly development of the locality and its environs. In accomplishing the objectives of § 15.2-2200 the local planning commissions shall serve primarily in an advisory capacity to the governing bodies.”  The primary duties of the Planning Commission are to prepare and recommend a Comprehensive Plan and any updates thereof; and to make recommendations to the governing bodies concerning rezoning and conditional use petitions.

Board of Zoning Appeals

Every locality in the state that enacts a zoning ordinance is required to also establish a Board of Zoning Appeals (BZA).  Appomattox County and the Town of Appomattox have chosen to develop a Joint Board of Zoning Appeals as is permitted by the Code of Virginia.

The responsibilities of the Board of Zoning Appeals include the ability to hear and decide appeals of decisions made by the Zoning Administrator; the ability to grant variances to provisions of the Zoning Ordinance based on strict guidelines; and the ability to provide interpretations for zoning district boundaries where uncertainty exists.   The Board of Zoning Appeals does not have the authority to rezone property or to rule upon or revoke conditional use permits, powers reserved for the Board of Supervisors.  Decisions of the Board of Zoning Appeals made be appealed to Appomattox Circuit Court.

Appomattox County Comprehensive Plan

The Appomattox County Comprehensive Plan is the County’s most important document regarding growth, development and visioning. First, it establishes government policy used to help guide public and private activities as they relate to land use and resource utilization. Second, it is the basis for land development regulations and decisions (i.e. rezonings and conditional use permits), capital improvement programming (i.e. public projects such as schools, parks and libraries), transportation, environmental and historical resource protection initiatives, new County programs and decisions concerning the distribution of County budget dollars to a multitude of programs and agencies. Most importantly, it serves as the community’s guide for future development and as the vision for what the County should look like in twenty years.  The Comprehensive Plan is a joint effort of the County and the Town of Pamplin and serves as the comprehensive plan for both localities.  The Plan is implemented through the Zoning Ordinance, Subdivision Ordinance and other regulatory tools.

At the core of the plan is the Future Land Use Map, which is a visual depiction of the growth pattern desired by the County.  It represents a twenty year outlook and guide to new development, both commercial and residential.  Land use decisions should be based on the overarching goals depicted in the Future Land Use section.

State law (Code of Virginia, Title 15.2, Article 3) requires every municipality in the Commonwealth to adopt a comprehensive plan for the physical development of its territory. The Code of Virginia also requires that the comprehensive plan be reviewed every five years in order to ensure consistency between the plan and the prevailing views of the community, as well as to ensure that the plan addresses current issues impacting the community.

Additional Information

You will find that a lot of questions you may have regarding a parcel of land references the zoning classification designated for the parcel.  You may want to visit the GIS portion of our website to determine the zoning of the property before going any further with the Q and A section.  If you are unsure as to how to navigate through the GIS Website, please don't hesitate to contact our office via emailing Inspections Division or by calling 434-352-8183.  An address or a tax map number will be required in order for us to look up this information.